This One-Step Test is intended to use as practical/routine screening test that can be done in a few minutes. This test kit is designed to detect Bovine Corona virus antigen by use of a Rapid Immunochromatic Assay.
Bovine Coronavirus BCV was first associated with diarrhoea in newborn calves and later with winter dysentery in adult cattle. It is now considered an important pathogen causing enteric disease, often in combination with respiratory clinical signs. Fatal respiratory disease caused by BCV has been reported in young stock. BCV infections often result in high morbidity but usually in low mortality. The same virus strain can cause disease in both calves and adults, and the animal often sheds virus in both nasal secretions and feces. The typical syndrome in calves from a few days to a few weeks of age is usually associated with infections such as rotavirus (34%), Coronavirus (23%) and cryptosporidium (18%). Bovine Coronavirus is a group 2 member of the genus Coronavirus in the family Coronaviridae. The BCV virion is enveloped and spherical in shape. The genome is a single-stranded, positive-sense RNA molecule of 27 to 32 kb. Infected animals exceed enormous number of viral particles, and therefore contaminating the environment. Together with the Rota Clinic One Step Test the veterinarian is now able to detect the cause of diarrhea in about 60% of all cases. This rapid, sensitive and easy to perform diagnostic test will enable hygienic, therapeutic and proplylactio measures to be put in place to protect the other calves in the herd in order to keep the number of infected animals as low as possible.