Cymbidium mosaic virus (CymMV) and the Odontoglossum ringspot virus (ORSV) are two of the most prevalent and economically important viruses affecting cultivated orchids worldwide. Infected plants can reduce plant vigor and have less desirable flowers or other problems, causing significant financial losses to orchid growers. The virus has not often been reported in wild orchid populations. The virus is spread throughout commercial orchid collections by contaminated tools and pots during division of plants and harvest of flowers; highlighting the importance of virus detection.
Principle Of The Test
The development of rapid test strips is based on Lateral Flow Device (LFD) technology using specific antibodies. A LFD format consists of antibody-coated latex beads latex (or colloidal gold) which will bind the specific pathogen antigen absorbed from the plant extract. The agglutination is accumulated at a specific location by the presence of a line of target specific antibody, which immobilises the agglutinated latex whilst allowing the background reagents to be washed away by continued flow along the membrane. The membrane contains a strip of target-specific antibody, test strip and a strip of another antibody that binds to the specific antibody, control strip. Latex beads containing bound antigen are trapped on the test strip leaving a visible line. Surplus latex beads that do not contain antigen are trapped on the control strip showing that the assay has worked. This provides a non-subjective and clear read out of a positive result against a low background.